Starting at 18 19 October will begin live streaming unprecedented: Italy is going to put “feet” on Mars through technology lander Schiaparelli aboard the first mission ExoMars . Piedmont Schiaparelli was the first to see the details of the surface of Mars (creating immense imaginary about the Martians that we brought below for decades) and is today the lander Schiaparelli to fly over the surface of the red planet in search of life.
The Martians we will not and this is well known. However, various clues have outlined the likelihood that there may be traces of life and the mission will look for both in terms underground. The mission ExoMars came therefore more complex and important at the time: The lander was released from the TGO and is approaching at great speed to Mars. The rarefied atmosphere of the planet makes complex the landing, but the probe is equipped with parachutes and other mechanisms designed to slow down the race (19 thousand km / has zero) and stabilize the configuration, so as to lead to the ground in the best conditions and maintaining the on-board technologies.
The next job will be a long monitoring, operating profit in the second ExoMars mission (initially scheduled for 2018 and later delayed 2020) which should lead to the planet also a production drill Eni (through Tecnomare controlled) with which to analyze the soil deeply, using a sophisticated drilling, looking for traces of life. The success of the operation today, therefore, is quite critical to the success of the next mission. The probe has already detached from the TGO and entered into hibernation for maintaining the necessary energy to the most critical phase of the descent. Located 45 km from the ground is expected the peak temperature on the heat shield of the probe, then will start braking (11 km above the ground) with which Europe aims to show he can hit the ground in safe and efficient manner. The loosening of the protective panel will activate the external radar, the parachute will be abandoned and a range of engines will drive the landing automatically. The ground impact should take place at a speed of 10 km / h.
The expedition is coming to Mars is a joint venture between Italy and France: the project is detached from the Earth March 14, 2016 from the Kazakh Baikonur cosmodrome and in the coming hours we will attempt to make a controlled landing in “Meridiani Planum”: here will activate its internal components to monitor wind, temperature, and other parameters in time. A real weather station, in short, with which to learn more about the Martian atmosphere before taking us on their missions. And who knows, before you take on the ‘ man .